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Introduction

Web Frameworks have become an essential part of web development for easy development. It is unavoidable if you are a web application developer, so does the complexity of the needed technology. It is not a good idea to reinvent the wheel for such sophisticated techniques assuming that we can reinvent all that. This is why the usage of frameworks is endorsed by thousands of developers around the world for building web applications that are rich and interactive.

What is a Web framework?

A web application framework is a software that acts as a skeleton to create web applications. The concept in which software renders its standard functionality. Web frameworks help you to get structure in the applications, and they can present supportive features without extra work. This function can be carefully altered by supplementary user-written code, and therefore serves application specific software designed to assist web development platforms. Every framework has its own behavior and conventions to render how the code is structured and written, which systemizes how developers can write the code. Web frameworks facilitate a position to start so that focus can be ascertained on these features rather than on the configuration details. 

Here are some of the best web development frameworks in 2020.

1. DJANGO

Django is a Model-View-Template framework that helps in building web applications. Django satisfies the complicated requirements of experienced Web developers without sacrificing the speed and newsroom deadlines. Django provides techniques and tools for developers to build fast, secure, scalable, and versatile websites. Django used websites are Disqus, Instagram, Quora, etc.

Advantages

  • Faster web application development
  • Top security features
  • Highly scalable
  • Active community support

2. ANGULAR JS

Angular is a famous framework provided by Google (originally developed by Misko Hevery and Adam Abrons) which helps us in building powerful Web Apps. Angular is used to build large scale and high-performance web applications and keeps them simple and easy to maintain. It is a front-end framework. There are a number of web apps that are built with Angular. AngularJS used websites are Youtube on PS3, Weather, Netflix, etc.

Advantages

  • Better MVC (Model-View-Controller)
  • Supported by Google
  • Easy to test
  • Simple customization options

3. METEOR

MeteorJS is a framework that provides a simpler way to build real-time mobile and web apps. It has rapid prototyping capability and produces cross-platform code (Web, Android, iOS). Galaxy, the cloud platform of Meteor, makes deployment, scaling, and monitoring simple. MeteorJS used websites are HaggleMate, WishPool, Telescope, etc.

Advantages

  • Real Time Web Development
  • Develop with A Single Language
  • Faster Development and Testing of Lean Products
  • Simple for Developers

4. ASP.NET

ASP.NET is a framework developed by Microsoft, which is immensely helpful to build dynamic web applications for PC and mobiles. ASP.NET is a lightweight framework and high performance for building better Web Applications. ASP.NET framework provides Power, Productivity, and Speed. ASP.NET used websites are GettyImages, StackOverflow, etc.

Advantages

  • ASP.net applications get executed faster than interpreted scripts.
  • Asp.Net framework is language independent, which means you can choose any programming language such as c#, f#. etc
  • ASP.NET provides support for CSS, XML and other new as well as existing web standards.

5. RUBY ON RAILS

Ruby on Rails is an extremely fast and productive web application framework. Ruby on Rails is invented by David Heinemeier Hansson. Developers can easily develop an application at least ten times faster with Rails than a typical Java framework. It includes everything needed to create a database-driven web application, using the Model-View-Controller pattern. Websites like GroupOn, UrbanDictionary, Shopify, Github, etc use Ruby on Rails.

Advantages

  • Significantly fast platform
  • Has a vast library of tools and functions
  • Supports multiple languages
  • Easy to debug

6. LARAVEL

Laravel is a popular web application framework invented by Taylor Otwell in 2011. It like all other modern frameworks, it also follows the MVC architectural pattern. Laravel gives importance to Simplicity, Elegance, and Readability. Developers can right away start learning and developing Laravel with Laracasts which has hundreds of tutorials in it. Deltanet Travel, Neighbourhood Lender, etc are some of the websites which Laravel is used for.

Advantages

  • Pre-installed powerful template engine
  • Secure authentication and authorization
  • Dynamic inbuilt libraries
  • Mail service integration

7. EXPRESS

Express JS is a flexible and minimal framework. It gives us a robust set of features for web and mobile applications. Expressjs is minimal to an extent, as many features are available as plugins. The rapid development of Node.js based Web applications is facilitated by Express. Express is a member of the MEAN software bundle. Expressjs used websites are Storify, LearnBoost, etc.

Advantages

  • It uses an HTTP utility method
  • Simple to customize and configure
  • Create REST API servers
  • Creates robust APIs

8. SPRING

Spring is another framework invented by Pivotal Software. The most popular framework for application development in enterprise Java is Spring. Thousands of developers around the globe use Spring to create high performance and robust Web apps. It helps in creating fast, simple, portable, and flexible JVM-based systems and applications. Spring used websites are Mascus, Allocine, etc.

Advantages

  • Lightweight framework
  • Satisfies application dependencies
  • Uses POJO (Plain Old Java Object) Flexibility of configuration
  • Flexibility of configuration

9. PLAY

Play is one of the modern web application frameworks. Play is developed in Java and Scala. Play also follows MVC architecture like other frameworks and it aims to optimize developer productivity by using convention over hot code reloading, configuration, and display of errors in the browser. Play defines itself as The High-Velocity Web Framework. Play used websites are LinkedIn, LendUp, etc.

Advantages

  • Consolidated support for unit testing
  • Built-in development server
  • Flexible

10. CODEIGNITER

CodeIgniter framework is invented by EllisLab. CodeIgniter is a famous web application framework to build dynamic websites. CodeIgniter framework is loosely based on MVC architecture since Controller classes are necessary but models and views are optional. It provides exceptional performance, nearly zero-configuration, and no large-scale monolithic libraries. CodeIgniter used websites are Bufferapp, The Mail and Guardian, etc.

Advantages

  • Fast, reliable, lightweight and more capable.
  • Codeigniter offers exceptional performance as well as presentation.
  • Easiest web framework

There are different types of frameworks that can be obtained to choose from and some of them contain pre-packaged folders, files, and ways to get started easily. These are Django with MVC web framework, JavaScript web framework ExpressJS, Ruby in Rails with convention over configuration principle, AngularJS with model-controller-view architecture, Laravel that values readability, elegance, and simplicity.

Conclusion

The framework is an important element in developing a web application and these are some of the most well-known frameworks. Apart from these 10 frameworks, others like Ember.js, Sails.js, Symphony, React.js are also popular frameworks being used. Every framework has its own characteristics and advantages in the available platform for web development. We can find many similarities between frameworks, even across different languages in the same category.

For more information on the topic go to Innovature’s Web Development page

Originally published at https://innovature.ai on November 12, 2020.

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